Binge eating is a psychological compulsive disorder associated with feeding. When you someone who eats around the clock, that could be binge eater.
How is bulimia associated with binge eating? What is bulimia? What is bulimia nervosa? All these are what you are going to learn in this article.
What is bulimia nervosa? It is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating I.e. Uncontrollable appetite for food which is mostly composed of junk foods.People with bulimia eat large amount of food within a short period of time without any sense of control, and thereafter purges and the cycle begins again.
Signs of bulimia includes obesity, extra gain in weight, and fear of losing weight which has no particular attributable reason.
Bulimia eating disorder has been reported to be associated with other psychological and mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, drug problems, and thought to harm self as seen in depressed people.
There are several risk factors for bulimia nervosa such as poor self-image or self-esteem, obesity, cultural and peer pressure to build a particular kind of body stature, psychological and emotional stress.
According to a Wikipedia, about 1%, 2% to 3% of young women and adult women respectively are expected to develop bulimia at one point or the other in their life time.
Also, women who has polycystic ovarian syndrome are at a higher risk of becoming bulimic.
Symptoms of bulimia
Bulimia nervosa symptoms depends on how long a sufferer has been binge eating and how frequent. This will also determine the course of treatment to be taken in advance cases.
The following are symptoms of bulimia
1. Excess weight
While it is possible for eaters to maintain normal weight, a larger proportion of binge eaters do develop thick skin and body mass index (BMI) over 30 with possibility of becoming obese.
2. Dehydration and hypokalemia
This is also common in bulimic patients with possibilities of developing dental eruption.
3. Irregular heart rhythm
This may be caused by electrolyte imbalance which may also lead to cardiac arrest and possibly death.
4. Inflammation of the esophagus
This is another one of the signs of bulimia. It is caused by frequent ingestion of food particles which may irritate the esophagus.
5. Salivary gland becomes swollen
The salivary gland may become swollen due to frequent production of ptyalin and other salivary Secretions which aids food digestion in the mouth. Frequent production of the enzymes may cause the gland to become swollen.
Another bulimia symptom is frequent digestive problem such as constipation accompanies binge eating.
7. Low blood pressure
8. Irregular menstrual period.
9. Oral inflammation and enamel erosion
10. Chronic gastric reflux
Gastro-esophageal reflux is one of the commonest bulimia symptoms.
11. Low self-esteem and depression
These two-in-one are also instance of bulimia nervosa symptoms. They are very common in patients who have anorexia and bulimia.
Other symptoms of bulimia is occasional vomiting which may worsen gastric reflux.
Bulimia may be treated by checking the levels of neurotransmitters involved in depression management- serotonin which has shown promising responses in patients.