Female hormone imbalance is one of the factors that give women challenges especially as it concerns their monthly cycles, sexuality and fertility. Hormonal balance is very vital to life functions and it’s deeply connected with what we eat, exercises we take and how well we can cope with stress. Women who experience stress on a daily basis may have cortisol which may impact the level of estrogen in the body. Cortisol affects the overall level of hormones in the body.
As reproductive functions play out, hormone levels may experience ‘ebbs and tide’ which oftentimes trigger menopause, this also trigger hormonal imbalance in women. Also lifestyle choices may speedup the rate of hormone imbalance in women and premature aging.
Symptoms of hormonal imbalance may also be experienced depending on the menstrual phase a woman is in, such as adolescence, premenopausal and menopausal stages which determines how well hormonal fluctuations and stability.
Signs of hormonal imbalance includes but not limited to infertility, ovarian issues, dryness of the birth canal which may cause painful coitus, and early degeneration of the endometrial tissues pre-menstruation which may lead to blood spotting before or during menses in women.
One of the most pronounced symptoms is delay in menstruation and delayed follicular degeneration which may lead to infertility.
Hormone imbalance in women may be worsened by oxidative stress and other factors such as ovarian cancers and syndromes.
Symptoms of hormone imbalance
Hormonal imbalance symptoms are strongly related to the level of stress women experience during their adolescent, midlife and far adulthood stages. The higher the level of stress the faster the depletion of adrenalin (a fight-or-flight)hormone and increase in cortisol production, and one of the things cortisol causes is estrogen dominance, bone diseases, muscular atrophy, reduced libido and auto-immune diseases.
The following underlisted are hormone imbalance symptoms:
1. High level of glucose levels in the body
This may be caused by insulin resistance due to stress. This occurs when adrenalin production is increased due to the fast production of Cortisol a stress hormone. Insulin resistance has also been linked with other health problems such as diabetes mellitus II and a heightened risk of breast cancer in women.
In a study conducted at Mt. Sinai hospital in Toronto, women who had early stage breast cancer were also discovered to be insulin-resistant due to high levels of un-reactive insulin level in the body.
2. Rapid energy loss and fatigue, and weight loss
it’s also one of the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women. This may happen due to lows and highs in adrenalin and Cortisol production. Fast production of adrenalin causes rapid depletion of glucose for energy synthesis, in the absence of enough glucose to drive metabolism, fat droplets in the body will be converted for the same purpose thus leading to weight loss.
3. Increase in body weight and resultant obesity
Hormonal imbalance symptoms such as obesity and overweight may be caused by high levels of estrogen. This causes breast tissues to produce more estrogen which leads to breast cancer. Women who are obese have about 30-50% chances of developing post-menopausal breast malignancies from several findings and reports.
4. Blood spotting during or before menses
Estrogen dominance and dips in progesterone causes women to experience blood spotting during or before their menstrual periods. Low progesterone level causes premature endometrial tissues and blood clots expulsion.
5. Poor libido
Another one of hormone imbalance symptoms islibido occasioned by low levelsof testosterone may cause men to have poor sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction. This may also occur in women who have average to high level of testosterone in their body.
Mild depressive episodes may accompany hormonal imbalances in women due to poor serotonin reuptake in the brain and increased production of Cortisol. Cortisol has been linked to depletion of serotonin reuptake sites in the hypothalamus which may lead to depression.