Hernia is the protrusion of an organ or tissue into another through an opening or hiatus in the muscle that holds or create a boundary around that organ. Hernias are very common in the abdomen due to the weakening of the diaphragm (Hiatal hernia), other common forms of hernia are irreducible and reducible hernia, abdominal, inguinal, femoral hernia.
Hernias may be asymptomatic in less complicated cases which often does not require treatments. Hernia may appear in the groin area, belly button, in the thigh and many other places within the interlinked visceral organs within the body.
Inguinal hernia in men for instance is normally found within the groin (where the sperm cord passes from the abdomen into the scrotum).
The following are inguinal hernia symptoms in men:
- Pain or discomfort in the affected area which is noticeable when bending over. This could be felt within the abdominal area of the body.
- Burning and gurgling sensation in the affected area.
- Inguinal hernia may cause testicular torsion when blood supply is cut off thus causing extreme pain. The pain may also be due to the inflammation of the inguinal nerve.
- Feeling of fullness in the groin area.
Other hernia symptoms in men are as following:
The following are symptoms of hernia in men:
- Vomiting and severe constipation in symptomatic hernias.
- Possibility of strangulated blood supply. This is common in patients with inguinal or femoral hernia.
Hernia in women
Hernia in women is of three common types namely: abdominal, inguinal and hiatal hernia.
Umbilical hernia is the common type in newborn infants and adults-women. It is characterized by incomplete closure of openings in the abdominal wall and protrusion in the belly button.
Umbilical hernia symptoms in women (especially) are as follows:
In cases of strangulated umbilical hernia, the following symptoms are noticeable:
- Severe abdominal pain, with tenderness in the abdominal region.
- Gangarene due to loss of blood supply to the protruded tissues or the bulging part.
Other hernia symptoms in women are the following:
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Pain when straining on stooling for instance and when coughing or lifting heavy objects.
Symptoms of hiatal hernia in women
- Epigastric pain and acid reflux which may worsen the pain.
- Chest pain during pregnancy.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Complications may give rise to barret’s esophagus a precursor to cancer.