Diagnosis of MS can take a while to be made due to several other degenerative diseases that present the same symptoms as multiple sclerosis. Before multiple sclerosis diagnosis, you may have unexplained symptoms which makes the diagnosis difficult but there are standard procedures on diagnosing MS.
In this article you will learn the following:
1. Multiple sclerosis diagnosis methods
2. How is ms diagnosed
So how is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
Patients must meet up with some diagnostic criteria before a final conclusion could be drawn on multiple sclerosis. On how MS is diagnosed, various tools and methods could be used.
The following are the criteria to be met up with for multiple sclerosis diagnosis:
1. Evidence of damage in 2 or more areas on the brain, the spinal cord (the Central Nervous System) and the optic nerves.
2. Evidence that the degenerative damage occurred in 2 separate places or more (depending on severity) within a space of one month
3. There is no link between the degenerative damage and the multiple sclerosis
Charcot in 1868 had the first attempt at diagnosis of multiple sclerosis and published a systematic approach consisting of a triad known as ‘Charcot’s triad’ which entails looking at intention tremor, telegraphic speech and nystagmus.
Diagnosing multiple sclerosis involves the following procedures:
1. Blood test
This is necessary to rule out other diseases similar to multiple sclerosis. Specific MS markers are what blood test meant to locate.
2. Spinal tap or lumbar puncture
This involves removing fluid sample from the spinal canal. This can reveal MS related antibodies with abnormalities.
3. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
This can also reveal areas of the brain and spinal cord with lesions and damage from MS. It is a good MS diagnosistool for discovering the extent of damage.
4. MS diagnosis tool is evoked potential tests
Another MS diagnosis tool is evoked potential tests. This tool records electrical signals evoked by your nervous system, this may be displayed on a screen which is used to monitor the response of your nervous system to induced external stimuli. You may be told to watch a movie or a moving visual pattern, the electrical signal evoked will determine how far the disease has gone.
Multiple sclerosis diagnosis in relapsing MS patients can be straight-forward compared to patients having unusual symptoms or progressive MS. It can be easily diagnosed in such people through MRI.
Presentation of symptoms and status multiple sclerosis determines how to diagnose MS and the best diagnostic methods to use.