Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease that affects and damages the myelin sheaths, the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis (multiple scars) affects the central nervous system essentially and by its nature, it doesn’t respond fast to clinical trials and ms treatments.
There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, but several multiple sclerosis treatment are undergoing trials. There are however several multiple sclerosis medications which could be used to alleviate pain and the effects of the disease as well as prevent new attack of multiple sclerosisMultiple sclerosis is a disease that affects and damages the myelin sheaths, the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. This causes transmission of impulse and stimulus from point of origin and organs to be deficient thus causing delayed response to both internal and external stimulus.
Treatment for Multiple sclerosis
There are several means multiple sclerosis could be treated. The following are various multiple sclerosis treatment modes:
1. Disease modifying therapies (DMTs)
This is not an absolute MS treatment but they help to reduce relapses and slow down the rate of degeneration and damage to the nervous system. It suits those who have progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. Some of the drugs are avonex,extavia, fingolimod, alemtuzumab, dimethyl fumarate and betaferon (both are interferon-based therapies). Avonex is a choice MS treatment for those who have secondary progressive MS, while fingolimod is better suited as treatment for MS which relapses after treatment with other drugs.
2. Exercise and lifestyle changes treatment
Another treatment for MS (which is suited to those whose treatments are not suitable for them) is dieting, exercise and lifestyle changes. The following diets help in the management of multiple sclerosis:
a) Onions and tomato sauce
b) Lots of vegetables
c) Carotene based fruits such as carrots help to reduce the inflammation at the joints
d) Protein-rich foods such as beans and soybeans for tissue repair and growth
e) Fluids for optimum digestion and transport of nutrients
f) Fiber foods for efficient digestion
3. Alternative therapies
Another multiple sclerosis treatment option is alternative therapies which includes aromatherapy, honey bee venom, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, alexander technique, acupuncture and acupressure, homeopathy, osteopathy, reflexology among others.
Corticosteroids also constitutes another treatment for multiple sclerosis. Examples of corticosteroids are prednisolone which comes in different forms- oral prednisolone and intravenous methylprednisolone, this helps to reduce inflammations. They may also be used to treat allergic responses which may be triggered in the course of treatment.
One of the best multiple sclerosis treatment options is plasmapheresis) a process that involves extraction of plasma from blood cells and mixed with albumin. It especially suited to those whose symptoms are severe and less responsiveness to other drug-based therapies.
Teriflunomide is a medication approved for people who have multiple sclerosis in 2012. Statistics reported that those who took terriflunomide experienced relief as a result of MS progression slowed down drastically. It also helps to extend multiple sclerosis life expectancy.
7. Modified story memory technique
This is another multiple sclerosis treatment option which involves restoring cognitive functions and improve memory by recalling older information using story-based associations in between imagery and context.
8. Myelin peptides
This is another promising treatment option as it helps to replace the damaged component of the myelin sheath lost during MS attack. This technique is undergoing trials currently, but so far it has shown good tolerance people with no serious adverse effects on people on whom it was tested.