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Ovarian cyst causes fluid-filled sacs to be developed within the ovary. Ovarian cyst is asymptomatic in most cases except that certain signs trail the development of cyst on ovaries such as abdominal bloating, lower back pain and occasional abdominal pain. If the pain is not persistent, pain killers such as Paracetamol, Ibuprofen may be used.

Ovarian cyst symptoms
Ovarian cyst symptoms

However ovarian cyst symptoms such as vomiting, severe pelvic pain, abdominal pain escalates when the cyst break open or the ovary gets twisted.

Large ovarian cysts may develop into ovarian cancer with time especially if they do not disappear after menopause.

Most women that falls within the reproductive age develops cyst at one time or the other each month.

What causes ovarian cyst?

There are different types of cysts, cysts that developed relatively to ovulation are referred to as functional cyst, follicular cysts or corpus luteum cysts. Other major causes are endometriosis, dermoid developments and cystadenomas (Polycystic ovarian syndrome) which is mainly caused by elevation of male hormones in women, hormones such as testosterone, characterized by small cyst sacs filling the ovary thus making the ovary to look bigger.

Cysts on ovary produce symptoms common to hypothyroidsm, hyperprolactinemia, adrenal hyperplasia. What causes ovarian cysts in patient A may be different from what causes it in patient B depending on their medical history, hormonal assay profiles, and many other factors.

Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

Small ovarian cysts may be asymptomatic but large ovarian cysts that has been developing over time, may present symptoms if they are left untreated, or get ruptured. The following are ovarian cyst symptoms in advance cases:

1) Uterine bleeding.

Ovarian cyst causes uterine bleeding in advance cases, shortly during or after a menstrual period, it may not be noticeable if it happens during the menstrual period. Whenever you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, irregular periods abnormal spotting, it is time to see your doctor.

2) Abdominal pain. Dull abdominal pain, pelvic pain during intercourse may be a sign of ovarian cyst.

3) When you have a persistent feeling of fullness, bloating or heaviness in your abdomen,

4) When cysts rupture, it presents a one-sided lower abdomen sharp pain, it may also cause internal abdominal bleeding.

5) Urinary incontinence- Inability to empty your bladder completely due to pressure on your pelvic anatomy.

6) Cyst on ovary increases the risk of ovarian torsion especially when they are larger than 4cm in size. Torsion may lead to arterial or venous infarction (severing of the blood flow to the uterus). This leads to severe lower abdominal pain emanating from the uterus.

All the aforementioned symptoms of ovarian cyst requires immediate medical attention, to forestall any possibility of it turning to ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Cyst Treatments

The following ovarian cyst treatments may be administered by your doctor to treat ovarian cysts when they present symptoms, here are they:

  1. Laparoscopy

This is a surgical means of removing cysts. This procedure involves making tiny incision near your navel, inserting instruments that will remove the cyst. This procedure is used if the cysts are small but presenting symptoms.

  1. Birth control pills.

If you have repeated ovarian cyst, birth control pills (oral contraceptives) may be recommended to disallow ovulation.

  1. Laparotomy

This involves making a larger incision on your abdomen to remove the cysts if they are larger, if the cysts becomes malignant, hysterectomy might be done to remove your ovaries and uterus completely to forestall the possibility of the cancer spreading to other vital organs.

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