Pinched nerve symptoms are the experiences you have physiologically when a nerve ending is compressed by other anatomical structures in the body such as bones and ligaments. Nerve or neurons is the basic unit of nervous system. Transmit stimuli from the body to the brain, and return an impulse (a response) from the brain for quick response by the affected body part.
Nerves could be compressed by several conditions and body positions. For instance, if you sit on a hard surface for too long, you may start feeling numbness in your lower limb due to the compression of the sciatic nerve on the buttocks, so also, the blood vessels may have a hard time transporting fluids and blood within that area and down to the legs thus causing loss of ‘feeling’.
This may cause a lot of problem for those whose jobs require sitting at a desk for long periods of time during the day. So also if you bend your elbow for a longer period of time, you may have the same experience but this affects the upper limb, one of the symptoms of pinched nerve you experience is tingling sensation and numbness on the upper limb extremities.
Pinched nerve symptoms you may experience when you bend your elbow like this are the following:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Neuropathy- inability to feel any sensation or pain in a section of the body due to nerve root innervation).
- Tennis elbow.
Herniated discs (tearing of intervertebral discs inbetween successive spinal vertebra bones) may also put pressure on the nerves.
The nerves that suffer compression or pinching the most are those that passed through or at the junction of two bones, tendons, and/or ligaments.
Persistent nerve compression may result in any of the following conditions:
- Fluid buildup in tissues. This may lead to edema in the legs and the armas, and ascites in the abdomen.
- Extra pressure.
Pinched nerve symptoms you experience will depend on the nerve root, on which portion of the spinal cord it originates from, the connected organs associated with the nerve. All connected organs suffer from the compression of a single nerve.
Other pinched nerve symptoms
The following symptoms are noticed when you are suffering from nerve compression that arises from nerve root at the neck area:
- Cervical radiculopathy (a condition where pain spreads from the neck region to the shoulder region by virtue of the inflammation of a nerve root exiting the spinal cord at the cervical region of the spine.
- Lower back pain.
- Neck pain and headaches.
- Shoulder pain. This kind of pain is usually a sharp pain felt on one or both shoulders.
Pinched nerve can be treated by first making proper diagnosis. However, proper diagnosis can only be made by spine specialists. They can easily pin point where the nerve compression is coming from.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) pain relievers and injection may be used to relieve pinched nerve pains, however in extreme cases, surgery might be necessary to remove or position the bone or solid structures that compresses a nerve ending.
Nerve ending compressions can be easily discovered through diagnostic means such as MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), ultrasound scans, and X-rays may be done to rule out arthritis.
Pains without known cause will usually be referred to pain management doctors.