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Do you always feel restless at night due to frequent jerking of your legs, or you feel a burning tingling and pricking sensation in your leg especially?You might be suffering from restless leg syndrome (RLS)

What is restless leg syndrome
What is restless leg syndrome

What is restless leg syndrome?

RLS also known as Ekbom’s disease is a neurological disorder that causes an uncontrollable urge to move the leg in a manner to prevent the tingling, itching and burning sensation in the leg. Just as the name suggests, it only affects the lower limb, and it is commonly seen in people over 40 years of age, though it may start in people of any age including children.

Women are at a higher risk of having the syndrome. According to a study, about 2-3% of adults in the United States of America is affected by this disorder.

Iron deficiency has been traced to be closely connected to RLS as it’s common in people with iron deficiency. So also pregnant women and renal disease patients are at a higher risk of having it.

In a 2007 study, RLS was detected in 36% of patients attending a phlebology (vein disease) clinic, compared to 18% in a control group.

One of the restless leg syndrome symptoms often experienced by a large proportion of adults in the USA is spasmodic limb movement during sleep which happens every 15-30 seconds and it lasts till the morning.

Restless leg syndrome symptoms are mostly noticeable when the subject is at rest, either while sleeping or in a sitting position mostly at night.

Symptoms of restless leg syndrome

The following are symptoms noticeable in patients having RLS:

  • Frequent sleep disruption due to leg jerking.
  • Limbs jerking involuntarily during sleep.
  • Itching, tickling, tingling and burning sensation in the legs.
  • Frequent urge to walk around or move your legs.
  • 5. Cramping or shock kind of sensation is also felt in the leg.
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