Kidney stones are formed from precipitation of solid wastes in fluids that we drink especially when the proportion of the waste is much and the liquid/fluids is not dissolving the solids.
Such can be seen when you consume less fluids and too much of table salt, which precipitates out while passing through the kidneys during filtration process.
Kidney stone pain surfaces when the stone gets bigger than usual.
Kidney stones block urine flow, some may pass with urine if they are small, like 4mm in size.
Kidney stones may not cause any symptoms if the stones are very small, the bigger it gets the worse it becomes.
One of the first signs of kidney stones is cloudy urine which becomes persistent over time.
The first major kidney stone symptoms are sharp pain on the two sides at the back and the stomach region and hematuria (blood in urine).
If the stones are small, it doesn’t always show any symptom but when they start getting big, the pain could be unbearable.
While there are common symptoms in men and women, there are symptoms that are peculiar to both genders.
According to a study, The lifetime risk of kidney stones in men is about 19% while it is 9% in women.
Kidney stones in women may produce symptoms that looks similar to other conditions such as well ectopic pregnancy, diabetes
The following are the symptoms of kidney stones in men:
- Serious burning sensation in the penile organ while urinating.
- Backflow of ejaculate during coitus (retrograde ejaculation).
- Possibility of prostrate enlargement.
Common signs and symptoms of kidney stones
The following are the common signs and symptoms of kidney stones, they get worse as the number and the size of stones increase.
1) Cloudy urine
This is one of the first signs of kidney stones, this is due to the build of creatinine and other proteins in the urine. You start noticing this when you experience fatigue regularly along with other symptoms about to be mentioned.
2) Chronic pain on the sides.
The two kidneys are located under the diaphragm at the back. When you start noticing that you can’t sleep comfortably on the sides, a sense of dull or sharp pain may be originating from that location in your body. Its time to see your doctor.
3) Blood-tinged urine.
Blood proteins accumulating in the urine may show a pinkish coloration. These blood proteins may be as a result of reducing kidney glomerular filteration rate reducing due to the blockage of the ureter by the accumulating stones.
4) Painful sensation when urinating.
Due to the blockage of the ureter by the stones, you may not be able to empty your bladder completely thus the need to exert more pressure to empty the bladder.
5) Nausea and vomiting
6) Urine with pungent or foul smell.
7) Urinary retention and frequent urge to urinate due to full bladder sensation.
8) Fever and chills if kidney stones develop through bacterial infections.
Kidney pain comes very sharp and excruciating at the onset, and it doesn’t resolve that quick it is often another major sign of kidney stones when the stones are already big enough to obstruct the free passage of urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Kidney stone symptoms will generally resolve after some few hours if the stones are small, if the stones are >=9mm, the symptoms might persist until diagnosis and treatments has been offered.