Urinary tract infection is an infection of the urinary tract, while the urinary tract consists of the following: Upper urinary tract (The Kidney, ureter) and lower urinary tract (the bladder, urethra). When UTI affects the tracts it may develop into urethritis in the urethra, cystitis in the bladder, and pyelonephritis in the kidney. The common cause of the infection is usually Escherichia coli, which lives in the colon and the anal area. When they grow into a colony in a different organ or tissue within the body, it turns into infection. Other common Bacteria and fungal strains indicated as causative organisms of UTI are Staphylococcus aureas, Candida albica, Mycoplasma genitalium, Chlamidia
According to a study, urinary tract infections accounts for more than 7million hospital visits yearly, and it is more common in adults. So also, UTIs are very common in men, of all the cases that happens yearly, about 20% of the cases are in men.
Urinary tract infection affects both men and women with attendant signs and symptoms both common ones and those peculiar to each gender. One of the first symptoms of UTI is heat rash and burning sensation while urinating. Urinary tract infection in women may produce vaginal discharge with abnormal coloration and noticeable pus, at first, which always a signal of bacterial infection, pregnant women are at a higher risk of having UTIs.
Urinary tract infection in men may produce smelly and foamy urine with pussy discharge, always very noticeable early in the morning, so also men with prostatic diseases such as prostatitis, poor immune system and prostrate hypertrophy are at a higher risk of having the UTI infection.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection
The following are common UTI symptoms:
1) Fever. This is mostly noticeable in children because the obvious symptoms are not manifesting. Symptoms show up depending on the age.
2) Urinary incontinence. This is also common in children as well as adults- both men and women. This is a condition characterized by frequent leakage of urine.
3) Increase in body temperature of 1.1 degrees and frequent chills with attendant increase in white blood cell corpuscles.
4) Nausea and vomiting.
5) These are urinary tract infection symptoms are common in children and new born infants: diarrhea, hypothermia (low body temperature below the normal value), vomiting, jaundice, poor feeding.
6) Lethargy in advanced cases.
7) Cloudy urine, blood in urine.
8) Back pain. Back pain always accompany most infections around the genitals and the urinary tract. The pain usually emanates from the affected organ to the surrounding areas.
9) Rigorous shaking in extreme cases.
10) Tenderness between the flank of the hip and ribs area.
Buildup of pus may cause tenderness of the abdominal region, this can always be felt by touch.
So also, another urinary tract infection symptom is that it further degenerates shakiness in patients who had delirium (drastic changes in mental state) and considerable changes in behavior of affected patient.