What are gallstones? The gall bladder is one of the pivotal organs in the body (anatomically placed and attached under the liver) with very strong vital functions which if impeded may spell terrible consequences. One of the ways the gall bladder’s function may be severely impacted has been traced to gallbladder stones. What are gallstones? They are tiny stones (while at times big as apricot) formed from cholesterol, salt or bilirubin (products obtainable from the breakdown of red blood cells in the liver) that congregates within the gall bladder, when it is dispersed to the bile duct, it may block the bile duct thus causing several dysfunctions, pain and anomalies in the body.
Gallstones symptoms may not be experienced at the first stage of development.
The stones oftentimes are formed from calcium deposits which aggregates together to form crystals.
One of the signs of gallstones is jaundice, a condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and is whitening of the eye sclera coupled with yellow stool due to the buildup of bilirubin in the blood (this may be traced out from urinalysis); buildup of fluids within the abdominal cavity (plebiscites), this may cause abdominal bloating and protrusion.
Gallbladder stones may also cause buildup of pressure in the liver which may further lead to liver failure due to increase in blood pressure within the liver.
Symptoms of gallstones
Gallstones do present symptoms which noticeable mostly from urine color, stool, blood and body fluids. The following under listed are gallstones symptoms:
1. Unintended weight loss
Weight loss without any attributable origin should call for a concern as it might have several underlying causes, one of which is gallstones.
2. Persistent Fatty stool
This is characterized by yellow to near white stools. Fatty foods are not properly emulsified when the flow of bile is obstructed by gallstones.
3. Severe abdominal pain
Abdominal painan other instance of gallstones symptoms,which gets worse over time. It could be traced to gallstones especially pain that emanates from the upper-right abdomen. Buildup of fluids within the gastric cavity may also cause bloating and distention with time.
4. Yellowing of skin
Persistent yellowing of the skin out of the blues could be a sign of gallstones or gallbladder blockage or jaundice. This is caused by accumulation of bilirubin in the blood as a result of the inability of the liver to break it down adequately.
5. Liver failure
Liver failure is one of the complications that may result from gallstones when pressure builds up within the liver. This may as well present symptoms of gallstones but if one of the liver lobes is still working perfectly, it may not present a different symptom except when the liver fails completely.
6. Gallstone pain
This can also be referred to as gallstone attack, a very sharp pain noticeable in stage 3 of gallstone development. It may last for about 1-2hours. The pain is caused by blockage of bile. When this pain becomes persistent it may lead to complications so it usually calls for emergency.
7. Clay-colored stool
This can be traced to blood products which are supposed to be broken down by the liver. The blood products colors the stool. This may be noticed when gallstones development is becoming complicated.
8. Nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, fever and chills
These symptoms of gallstones are most noticeable at the third stage of development.
Complications of gall bladder may necessitate complete removal of the gall bladder.
Some of the few ways you can prevent gallstones is to avoid fatty foods, dairy products, caffeine, sweets and sugary foods. Eat smaller meals at a time to enhance digestibility.