Hiccups are a sudden and reflexive movement of the neck and head which is accompanied by a sound from the throat. It occurs because the diaphragm’s movement changes by shutting up abruptly, preventing air passage.
WHAT CAUSES HICCUPS?
Hiccups are usually not associated with serious causes. They are often caused by natural reasons. However, there can be abnormalities in the body that may be the reason for hiccups. In addition nerve irritation and central nervous system disorders are hiccups causes.
Some common causes of hiccups include:
- Bad eating approach may cause hiccups. This is possible when food is taken in too quickly and air is often gulped along with it. Eating too much food may also cause this problem.
- Wrong type of food. Fats and spices are alleged hiccup triggers. Additionally, carbonated beverages like soda and alcohol are known to affect the stomach in a way that irritates the diaphragm which is a reason for hiccups. Excessive intake of alcohol may also cause this problem.
- Nerve issues. Some diseases affect the nerves that are in charge of the diaphragm. This irritation of the diaphragm nerves are among hiccups causes. Examples are pneumonia and liver diseases.
- Surgical causes of hiccups. Some kinds of surgery, especially abdominal surgery, cause irritations to the nerve controls of the diaphragm which may lead to hiccups.
- Brain stem distortions. Any medical issue that affects or impacts the brain stem can cause hiccups. Some of such conditions are brain tumors, strokes. Renal failures are also known as hiccups causes among people.
- Noxious fumes are a reason for hiccups in some people.
- Sudden temperature changes are among hiccups causes.
- Emotions also play a part in this. Fear, excitement, anxiety and emotional stressare also responsible for hiccups.
These causes are generally associated with central nervous system disorders and nerve irritation or damage.
a) NERVE IRRITATION OR DAMAGE
Nerve irritation or damage is usually the reason for hiccups that last more than 48hours. The phrenic and vagus nerves are the controllers of the diaphragm. Anything that can cause an irritation of these nerves or damage them may trigger the occurrence of hiccups.
Instances: Where something, hair for an example, in the ear is touching the eardrum. Tumors, cyst or goitre in the neck may cause this. Even sore throats or laryngitis are causes as well.
b) CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS
Infections in the central nervous system or damages to it, including tumors, can spark off bouts of hiccups. Traumas may cause damages to the central nervous system which interferes with the body’s natural hiccups reflex controls. Examples include:
- Encephalitis : It can also be the cause of hiccups.
- Meningitis: Some kind of meningitis may be reason for hiccups.
- Multiple sclerosis: According to a good number of researches, multiple sclerosis are also responsible for hiccups.
- Stroke: Stroke is among hiccups causes. Stroke, as we all know, interferes the smooth operation of the various nerves in the body. This may affect the vagus nerves as well, leading to hiccups.
- Traumatic brain injury: These injuries can affect the part of the brain that controls the nerves or the nervous system which results in the malfunctioning of the larynx and diaphragm nerves.
- Tumors: Brain tumors affect normal nerve functions. Brain tumors that cause serious hiccups arecavernoma, astrocytoma and brain stem tumors.
- Metabolic disorders caused by deficiencies and diseases as well as effects of some drugs are among hiccups causes.
Intake of certain chemicals and some diseases may distort the body’s natural metabolisms. These distorted metabolic activities may cause hiccups.
- Alcoholism: Alcoholic drinks, especially carbonated ones, can cause stomach expansion. They make the stomach acids rise high, reaching to the oesophagus, which then irritates the diaphragm’s nerves control leading to a hiccup.
- Anesthesia: Usually, people have gotten a lot of hiccup reactions after undergoing some kind of anesthesia.
- Barbiturates: Barbiturates are equally as guilty as any other.
- Diabetes: A number of hiccup issues have been associated with the effect of diabetes on the normal body metabolism which may also lead to hiccups.
- Electrolyte imbalance: Imbalance in electrolytes are also hiccups causes.
- Kidney failure: Kidney failure is also another reason for hiccups. These failures may lead to improper body metabolism which may affect some nervous controls which then leads hiccups
- Steroids: Even though this occurs in rare situations, large doses of steroids are well recognised by medics as among the causes of hiccups. A good number of people have been reported to have suffered hiccups after being injected some significant doses of steroids.
- Tranquilizers: Excessive use of tranquillizers has been associated with what causes hiccups. Some people say they began to develop hiccups after some period of using tranquillizers.
You should be getting near to a conclusion by now on what to do about your hiccups. If they are not as a result of some disease or sickness, always try to use some home techniques. However, if they are serious and persistent ones (lasting for more than 48hours), you need to see a doctor for any of the medical options to be prescribed.
Thanks for reading. Enjoy your day