Period cramps could be very devastating sometimes. They may cause a lady to sit out of work for a whole week due to the agonising pains they may need to endure. Probably, you may find yourself in that situation and are seeking for serious solutions to it. However, you need to find out what causes period cramps in order enlighten you about simple activities that could help you avoid them.
Let us go through some of these very common causes of period cramps.
WHAT CAUSES PERIOD CRAMPS?
Period cramps causes range from a whole lot of different combination of factors. Period cramps begin after the ovaries release unfertilised eggs to the fallopian tubes for menstruation. Any disorder in this process could cause period cramps. There are medical period cramps causes as well as habitual causes.
a) MEDICAL CAUSES
1. RISE IN LEVELS OF SOME SUBSTANCES IN THE BODY
Leukotrieneslevels rise during the period of menstruation and this is a proven cause of menstrual cramps. Uterus contracts during menstruation in order to expel its lining. Some hormonal substances such as prostaglandins associated with inflammation and pains may activate the contractions of the uterus. When these substances are at very high levels, they cause the pain of menstrual cramps to be greater.
2. DELAYED SLEEP PHASE SYNDROME
A group of scientists in Northern University in Chicago conducted a research which has proven that women who suffer delayed sleep phase syndrome are more likely to suffer irregular menstrual cycles, premenstrual symptoms and menstrual cramps.
Endometriosis is among the numerous period cramps causes. This is a situation where the tissues that are meant to line the uterus become implanted outside the uterus. This may commonly occur on or around the fallopian tubes, the ovaries or the tissue lining of the pelvis. This abnormal condition causes very severe menstrual cramps.
4. FIBROIDS OF THE UTERINE
Fibroid growths in the uterine walls could cause the severe pains associated with menstruation. They occupy the passage and make it quite difficult for the menstrual blood to flow freely. This increases the pressure needed to move the blood which then causes these cramps.
5. PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
This infection is usually caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria which causes pain during women’s period. It causes irregular bleeding, increased vaginal discharge, painful sex as well as painful upper abdomen.It can be contracted by the use of IUDs, sex below age 25, having sex with more than one partner or not having sex with a condom.
There are muscular walls within the uterus which are distinct from the uterus’ tissue linen. In this condition, the tissue linings outgrow their boundaries and begin to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus. This causes a lot of pain when the woman reaches her menstrual period.
7. STENOSIS OF THE CERVIX
Cervical Stenosis makes the cervix opening very small. During menstruation, the small area obstructs free menstrual flow which then leads to the severe pains that women feel.
b) HABITUAL CAUSES
Aside these medical causes, there are certain bad habits that could potentially increase pain associated with menstruation. Habitual period cramps causes include:
- Irregular physical activity or exercise
- Improper care and treatment of the female reproductive organ.
- Improper sexual life; having multiple partners and sex without condoms.
- EATING FOODS THAT ARE LOW IN ESSENTIAL VITAMINS LIKE VITAMIN B1 and Vitamin K to reduce or prevent blood clotting.
The painful menstrual cramps you have been feeling could be as a result of any of these factors. You should take a step towards guarding against these by getting some drugs to help curb the medical causes or altering any of the habitual causes you engage in.