Acid reflux refers to the condition where some of the gastric acid in the stomach which is responsible for digestion moves up into the oesophagus. The stomach lining is specially designed for the production of these acids which to aid in digestion while killing bacteria that may find way into the stomach.
The gastroesophageal sphincter is a ring muscle which is responsible for protecting the oesophagus from the contents of the stomach. It is designed in a way, like a valve, which allows contents from the mouth or oesophagus to pass through whilst preventing the stomach contents from passing through. It is the failure to perform this function thatleads to a reflux. Another name for this condition is acid indigestion or pyrosis.
What is acid reflux like? The commonest symptom of pyrosis is heartburns. When you get heartburns, you feel a hot peppery sensation as though you have just swallowed some hot pepper or ginger. This situation is likely to occur more often among some people because of lifestyle activities, body mass or a disease.
Why? It is believed that acts like eating too much food, excessive intake of alcohol, hunger etc are all causes of acid reflux whereas smokers of cigar and marijuana are likely to be affected as well. Fat is proven to hinder the work of the sphincter. Due to that, it is a common experience among fat people, especially people with so much belly fat.
Once in a while, you may experience acid reflux, but if it becomes something that occurs regularly, like twice or more every week, you’ll need to check your lifestyle and body fat. Better still, since it is also caused by certain diseases, you may seek medical advice.