Do you know you can easily be infected with epstein-barr virus through kissing? That is why it is termed kising disease, to shed more light on this, what is glandular fever? Is glandular fever contagious? Glandular fever is a viral disease (also known as infectious mononucleosis) caused by a virus known as epstein-barr (EBV) which belongs to the herpes virus family. Glandular fever is very contagious as it can be spread through contact with body fluids (such as urine, saliva, sputum, blood, tears) from infected hosts.
Glandular fever symptoms varies with age. Most people who had this disease at adulthood were exposed to the virus when they were children. Children and and young adults do experience flu-like symptoms such as sore throat, fever and fatigue. While adults may experience glandular fever symptoms such as enlarged lymph nodes, and swelling on the front part of the neck.
Infectious mononucleosis maybe confused with streptococcal pharyngitis as they have similar symptoms.
Symptoms of glandular fever
1. Enlarged tonsils
This is caused by the inflammation of the tonsils. It could also be an extension of sore throat. Tonsils may block the airways thus causing forceful breathing. Upper airway obstruction is a sign of tonsilar hypertrophy.
Increase in body temperature (100 deg. F) and general sickly feeling which may last for more than 10 days, however it tend to be mild during the last 5-7days, and sometimes malaise may last for months.
3. Hemolytic anemia
This may be accompanied by whitened finger nails may occur in complicated cases. It may lead to bleeding occasionally. Though this occur in about 5% of all cases.
4. Painful sore throat
This also occur frequently in every instances of infectious mononucleosis. It is characterized by pain which may spread to the jaw and ears area. This is the most prominent sign of the disease, and often times it may be accompanied by tonsilar pus or exudate.
5. Chronic fatigue
This is seen in complicated cases and it is more common in adults. Fatigue may last for more than 1 month as it has been established in about 9-23% of documented cases.
6. Abdominal pain
This may be accompanied by vomit and nausea.
Abdominal pain may be a sign of enlarged liver which is common in older adults above 40years.
7. Swollen neck glands and lymph nodes
This occurs in most cases of infectious mononucleosis. This may persist for more than 4 weeks.
Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen may not be visible until after several weeks into the disease, but their are other diagnostic means (such as elevated hepatic transaminase) to detect if patients are exposed to the viral antigen, meanwhile this may only be treated symptomatically until a positive diagnosis is established.