You might be suffering lupus without knowing especially when you have health issues repeatedly without any definite explanation for it. So what is lupus?
Lupus (also known as lupus erythematosus) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by suppressed immune system which exposes the body to infections and diseases when antibodies are directed against a person’s own proteins. The body’s immune system attack the body’s tissues. One of the signs of lupus is weakened immune system.
Lupus can be one of the following types namely: Discoid lupus, systemic lupus and drug-induced lupus.
Lupus may be caused by drug interactions as well as environmental triggers. Over 100 different medications have been reported to cause lupus.
According to statistics, about 50,000 people are living with lupus in the UK. Several reports have suggested that more women are diagnosed with lupus than men, and women between the ages of 15 to 35 are the most affected.
Lupus symptoms in men are different from symptoms women experience. Women generally tend to have more relapses more than men. People with systemic lupus erythematous are at a higher risk of having osteoarticular tuberculosis.
Men may experience lupus symptoms such as seizures and kidney diseases while women may experience the following lupus symptoms: vaginal ulcer, urinary tract infections, women who have lupus may also have pre-eclampsia during pregnancy as well as miscarriage and stillbirth during delivery
Another instance of lupus symptoms in women is butterfly-shaped This affects women more than it does men.
Signs of lupus include low white blood cell count, lupus arthritis, lupus nephritis, spontaneous abortion in pregnant women, inflammation of the lungs and the heart.
Signs and symptoms of lupus
The following are symptoms of lupus you may experience if you have it:
1. Muscle pain, Joint pain and fatigue
According to a Wikipedia source, Lupus foundation of America estimates more than 90 percent of those affected will experience joint and/or muscle pain at some time during the course of their illness.
2. Chest pain and breathing troubles
Auto-immune disease may trigger buildup of fluid within the pleural cavity which makes breathing difficult. This may be accompanied by feeling of pressure within the chest.
3. Advanced cases may result in mouth bleeding and mouth sores
Histamines and other chemicals released during lupus attack may trigger hemorrhage from multiple sources. Also it may cause dryness of the oral cavity which may lead to wounds and oral bleeding.
4. Anxiety disorders are also common especially when lupus results in oxidative stress
Anxiety disorders coupled with attention deficit is very common in children diagnosed of lupus. Also histamines affect the corticosteroids production in the body which may make the body to slip into stress mode.
5. Impaired cognitive function from neurological inflammation
Lupus may also cause irritation of the neurons which may result in impaired cognitive capacity. This is well noticeable in children as well as adults who have had lupus gone by undetected for long.
6. Sleeping disorders
Chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin when not properly bonded to the various binding sites in the brain may affect the way your body responds to sleep.
Lupus may cause the production of abnormal red blood cells which may result in anemia. Also it may affect the extraction of iron from foods within the gastric cavity; this may also lead to anemia.
Lupus has no cure presently, however, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs and intravenous immunoglobulins (may be used to control lupus that involves multi-organ system in the body), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and medications such as prednisone, mycophenolic acid and tacrolimus may be used to reduce the symptoms.