Rabid dogs can be very hard to deal sometimes especially when they are already growing wild. Dogs are regarded as the major vector of rabies.
In this article you will learn the following:
1. What is rabies?
2. Signs and Symptoms of rabies in humans
So what is rabies? Which animals can serve as a vector for the virus? Rabies is a viral disease, a life-threatening disease often transmitted by dog bite. Dogs are regarded as the main vector of rabies, others are cats, rabbits, wild-animals, skunks, raccoons etc. Rabies causes acute inflammation of the brain in infected humans and warm-blooded animals. Rabies has been reported to be caused by two different species of virus namely: rabies virus and Australian bat Lyssavirus. The average incubation period of rabies in humans is 30-60days.
According to a Wikipedia report,
Rabies causes about 24,000 to 60,000 deaths worldwide per annum and more than 95% of human deaths caused by rabies occur in Africa and Asia, and it is present in over 150 countries worldwide.
Rabies symptoms in humans follow a progressive pattern from the time you were bitten to the onset of symptoms which may include dementia and eventually death if the infection is not treated as soon as possible. One of the first signs of rabies is central nervous system collapse after the onset of symptoms usually after about 60days.
Symptoms of rabies
The following are symptoms of rabies in humans:
Insomnia develops almost immediate after exposure to the rabies virus. This is a manifestation of brain inflammation around the sleep center of the brain. This may further complicates irritation in sufferers.
Severe persistent agitation followed by seizures may be a sign of central nervous system collapse. It is mainly attributed to inflammation of the brain and the meninges.
3. Hydrophobia characterized by panic caused by water
Fear of stepping into water or seeing liquids is a characteristic symptom presented by rabies sufferers. The cause is not yet known, the vectors of rabies virus also express this symptom.
4. Saliva production increases
Suggestions of drinking may cause severe spasms of the larynx and the pharynx. This may cause difficulty in swallowing and it is attributed to aggregation of the virus in the salivary glands. Drooling and saliva dropping from the mouth is a sign of complication.
Severe irritability is a hallmark of rabies, it may be accompanied by anxiety disorders. Dogs that carries the virus also show a sense of irritability and always want to stay out of view in the dark.
This is a sign of acute complication or rabies. This may progress to delirium and coma.
Increase in body temperature and tingling at the site of exposure. This may be experienced few hours from exposure to the virus.
8. Vomiting and nausea
Vomits and severe stimulation of the pharynx which may cause extreme nausea is very common to all cases of rabies.
This is common both to humans exposed to the virus and the vector (dogs, bat, rats, etc.). Hyperactivity to stimuli presents in excitative stage of the disease which may last for about 3-4 days.
10. Slight or partial paralysis
This is another manifestation of brain meningeal inflammation occasioned by the virus. Other manifestations of the inflammation are paranoia, jaw dropping, seizures and abnormal behaviors.
In advanced cases, expression of rabies symptoms complications call for emergency as this may lead to death sooner than expected.
If you experience symptoms similar to rabies symptoms after dog bites without any transmission of the virus, you might be treated symptomatically.